The Coffee Fern gets its name from its leaves, which are about the same size as coffee beans. It has leathery leaves and favors dry, rocky canyons from the northern coast of California into Baja.
California Polypody is found in the lush fern banks on shaded canyons and streamsides. The leaves curl and break off at the base in anticipation of seasonal rains. Its knotty extremities on the rhizomes are its "many feet", hence the name Polypodium Californicum.
Silverback Ferns grow in rock crevices or in dry soil in Woodland areas (Pentagramma Triangularis).
The Gridscale Maiden Fern. Maybe. Thelypteris Patens var. Patens, though found and painted by Valentien on his travels through California and the Northwest, has since been removed from the CalFlora index and is listed as "not native". Perhaps it was misidentified. This painting, however, is of the plant he found.
The petioles (leaf-steps) of the Western Sword Fern are densely scaly and its leaves, sword-like. New leaves appear from the crown in spring as little curled frods that later unfurl upward.
These ceramic tiles of California and Pacific Northwest wildflowers are based on the botanical watercolors done by Albert Robert Valentien between 1898 and 1918. I am currently working on this section. Coming: Wild Ginger, Western Azalea, American Vetch, Checker Mallow, Oregeon Oxalis, Hound's Tongue, Chicory, Cow Parsnip, Kinnickinick (Whiteleaf) Manzanita, Mountain Lady Slipper, Bleeding Heart, Fawn Lily, Mount Hood Lily.
Oregon Grape is particularly prominent in the Pacific Northwest, with shiny, holly-like leaves. It is most common in mountainous regions trough the Northwest and California.
Mountain Lilac is attractive to pollinators and thrives in well-drained soil with little to no summer water.
Blue Elderberry is native from Oregon to Baja California and as far east as Texas. Its berries are one of the most importat food sources for birds in California and the Pacific Northwest.
Deer Brush is native to Arizona, New Mexico, California, Oregon, and Washington. The flowers are usually white or blue, and far less often, the pink that Valentien's specimen displayed. It grows in mixed forests, west and east of the Cascades and in the Columbia River Gorge, as well as into California.
Monkey Flower grows along the banks of streams and seeps in Western North America and through Oregon and California. It is well-beloved by hummingbirds and pollinators.
Showy Milkweed is native to much of the western US. A perennial, it grow sto about 4 feet tall. It is crucial to the survival of the endangered Monarch butterfly. Alkaloids in the plant make the caterpillars taste bad to predators.
Western Columbine is native to Western North America, from Alas to Baja California and east to Montana and Wyoming. It prefers moist locations such as stream banks and needs summer water and light shade in the afternoon.
Lewisa Cotyledon is named after Merriwether Lewis, of the Lewis and Clark expedition. This pant can be found clinging to rocky outcrops, wedged into crevices, and in cracks on canyon walls. Its candy-stripe flowers rest against dark green leaves. It's a threatened species in northern California.
Western Wood Strawberry. The Wood Strawberry is found in partial shade in forests. Although not shown, it's fruit is what you would expect, although smaller than cultivated varieties.
The fruit are small, but the thimbleberry has no prickles. It's found throughout California and Oregon.
Shooting Stars are native to North American valleys and mountains where consistent moisture is available. They are a favorite of deer and elk.
Also known as the California Blackberry, Rubus Ursinus grows throughout California and Oregon. They are eaten by songbirds, deer, bear, squirrels and is larval food for the western tiger swallowtail butterfly and others. Some Native American peoples used it as a medicinal plant.
Title: California and Pacific Northwest Ferns and Wildflowers
Tile: Ceramic or Tumbled Marble Stone
Size: 6 inch square tiles
*Also available in 4.25 inch tiles (ceramic) and 4 inch tiles (tumbled)
4.25 inch square tiles: $44 each
6 inch square tiles: $55 each
8 inch square tiles: $73 each
4 inch square tiles: $62 each
6 inch square tiles: $77 each
How to Order California Arts and Crafts Botanicals Tile.