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Large or small, the garden should be orderly and rich. It should be well fenced from the outside world. It should by no means imitate either the willfulness or the wildness of nature, but should look like a thing never to be seen except near the house. It should, in fact, look like part of the house. ~William Morris
Medieval Italian Kitchen tiles are available in six background colors for ceramic tiles, and tumbled stone. From top left: Cream, Bisque, Navajo, Parchment, Wheat, Tumbled Marble Stone. Not shown, Native White
Size: 6 inch square tiles (15.4 cm), or 4 inch (10.16 cm)
4 inch tiles : $70 each6 inch tiles : $77 each
There are many varieties of medieval gardens, so you have a lot of room for creativity. Here are some guidelines:
Medieval gardens are sanctuaries, as if an outside room of the house. Start with a square or rectangular space.
Create a border. Permanent borders can be hedges or walls. At Red House, the border was created with trellises. You can also use fruit trees or topiary to create your borders. Italian cypress works well if you need a wind break. Roses also work. At Kelmscott Manor, Morris used a border of standard roses to line the walkway to the entrance of the house.
A fountain, or waterfall at the center or the garden is traditional. You can also use statuary that suggests water, or a stone bird bath.
Create your walkways. You might create a circular center walkway around fountain with short walkways leading up to it. Or lay the garden out like a chess board.
You now have several areas. Medieval kitchen gardens grew herbs for both cooking and their medical / magical properties, but these it is difficult to keep these distinctions separate. Organize your planting by the needs of the plant with sun-loving plants together and so forth, with the tallest plants toward the back of each bed.